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ⓘ Edirne, ngokomlando eyaziwa ngokuthi i-Adrianople, ungumuzi osenyakatho-ntshonalanga Theki Isifundazwe sase-Edirne esifundeni se i-East Thrace, eduze komngcele ..




Edirne
                                     

ⓘ Edirne

Edirne, ngokomlando eyaziwa ngokuthi i-Adrianople, ungumuzi osenyakatho-ntshonalanga Theki Isifundazwe sase-Edirne esifundeni se i-East Thrace, eduze komngcele weTurkey imingcele neGreki ​​kanye iBulgariya. U-Edirne wasebenza njengenhloko-dolobha ye- Umbuso wase-Ottoman ukusuka ngo-1369 kuya ku-1453, ngaphambi kuka Constantinople, kwaba inhlokodolobha yesine neyokugcina phakathi kuka-1453 no-1922. Inani labantu ababalelwa kuleli dolobha ngonyaka we-2014 lalingama-165.979.

                                     

1. Ukuqhubeka kokufunda

  • Wasti, Syed Tanvir July 2004. "The 1912-13 Balkan Wars and the Siege of Edirne". Middle Eastern Studies Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 40 4: 59–78. doi:10.1080/00263200410001700310. JSTOR 4289928.
  • Yerolympous, Alexandra. "A Contribution to the Topography of 19th Century Adrianople". Balkan Studies: 49–72.
  • Gökbilgin, M. Tayyib 1991. "Edirne". Encyclopaedia of Islam, Volume 2 2nd ed. Leiden: Brill. pp. 683–686. ISBN 90-04-07026-5.